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These programs would be vulnerable to a variety of well-known cyber-attacks, any of which could be catastrophic.
Such attacks could be “launched by anyone from a disaffected lone individual to a well-financed enemy agency outside the reach of U. law.” They also “could result in large-scale, selective voter disenfranchisement,” privacy violations, vote buying and selling, and vote switching “even to the extent of reversing the outcome of many elections at once….” The biggest danger, however, is that such attacks “could succeed and yet go completely undetected.” California.
According to computer experts, Internet voting is vulnerable to cyber-attack and fraud—vulnerabilities inherent in current hardware and software, as well as the basic manner in which the Internet is organized—and it is unlikely that these vulnerabilities will be eliminated in the near future.
Internet voting, or even the delivery by e-mail of voted ballots from registered voters, would be vulnerable to a variety of well-known cyber-attacks, any of which could be catastrophic.
Such attacks could even be launched by an enemy agency beyond the reach of U. law and could cause significant voter disenfranchisement, privacy violations, vote buying and selling, and vote switching.
Those experts came from a variety of software and hardware companies and institutions including Compaq Computers, Oracle, Cisco Systems, and the California Institute of Technology.
In its final report, issued on January 18, 2000, the task force defined Internet voting as “an election system that uses electronic ballots that would allow voters to transmit their voted ballot to election officials over the Internet.” It concluded that “[p]otential criminal electronic attacks on computer software, such as destructive ‘viruses’ or ‘Trojan Horse’ software, create a serious threat to Internet voting.” The group further believed that “additional technical innovations are necessary before remote Internet voting can be widely implemented….” National Science Foundation.