Who is tj holmes dating
The resulting viral DNA is then imported into the cell nucleus and integrated into the cellular DNA by a virally encoded integrase and host co-factors.Once integrated, the virus may become latent, allowing the virus and its host cell to avoid detection by the immune system.Alternatively, the virus may be transcribed, producing new RNA genomes and viral proteins that are packaged and released from the cell as new virus particles that begin the replication cycle anew.Two types of HIV have been characterized: HIV-1 and HIV-2.AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype.Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
Many species are infected by lentiviruses, which are characteristically responsible for long-duration illnesses with a long incubation period.
Lentiviruses are transmitted as single-stranded, positive-sense, enveloped RNA viruses.
Upon entry into the target cell, the viral RNA genome is converted (reverse transcribed) into double-stranded DNA by a virally encoded reverse transcriptase that is transported along with the viral genome in the virus particle.
HIV-1 is the virus that was initially discovered and termed both LAV and HTLV-III.
It is more virulent, more infective, and is the cause of the majority of HIV infections globally.
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The lower infectivity of HIV-2 compared to HIV-1 implies that fewer of those exposed to HIV-2 will be infected per exposure.